E-learning is a practical procedure of obtaining informations, information and cognition by utilizing electronic engineerings and communications like. Whereas the chiefly end of cognition direction is to place and command the collected informations to accomplish set marks of competition and endurance. It is today ‘s educational demand to incorporate e-learning capablenesss with advantages of cognition direction. Due to turning competition in the globalizing academic environment, instruction system is seeking to happen methods of sharing experiences and thoughts of academic staff. With bulk of Indian population in rural countries, where formal instruction has faced carelessness, E-learning has act as a blessing to instruction system in India. E-learning engineerings being extremely possible engineerings should make the rural countries of India. The intent of this paper is to concentrate on the Indian instruction state of affairs, Problems Faced in Rural Education in India, challenges of the ICT for instruction, eLearning content creative activity and presentation tools, virtues and demerits of eLearning, future range of eLearning in India and how knowledge direction supports E-learning to accomplish this end. Through this paper we will besides analyze the restrictions of rural instruction schemes and give emphasis on development of rural instruction degree on the footing of ICT.
KEYWORDS: E-learning, ICT, cognition direction, rural instruction.
E – Learning is defined as geting cognition and skill utilizing electronic engineerings such as computing machine and Internet-based courseware and local and broad country webs. It uses the electronic engineering to supply instruction and preparation, monitor pupil ‘s public presentation and describe his advancement. [ 7 ] E-learning refers to computing machine – enhanced larning which is non merely used for distance and online acquisition, but besides in combination with face – to – face and schoolroom acquisition. Introduced in 1995, E-learning has been named as “ Internet Based Training ” , “ Web-based Training ” and “ Online Learning ” during dot com roar period. Furthermore, cognition direction has besides been considered as E-learning.
E-learning and cognition direction has been ever considered together for organisational acquisition. Knowledge direction is referred as the schemes of identifying, showing and accommodating the organisational corporate work experiences.
In developing states like India, where instruction is still in its turning epoch, KM can back up larning from past experiences of people or paperss of instruction industry. Its schemes can turn out to be helpful in upliftment of instruction system particularly in rural countries where schoolroom systems have failed due to several grounds. The cognition direction can assist in sweetening of online survey programmes for those who are unable to travel to other locations for instruction. [ 2 ] Presently, many web sites provide online acquisition in signifier of MS-Word and PDF formats in a hope that they will be available to the users whenever required. But even today, rural countries of India are unable to avail these installations due to improper distribution of Information and Communication Technology ( ICT ) .
FIGURE 1: Merging KNOWLEDGE AND LEARNING
Scope OF E-LEARNING IN INDIA
The Indian market is non every bit extended as the international market. E-learning in India has succeeded largely in the corporate and industrial sectors as it has acted as a agency of accomplishing concern ends and actuating employees [ 1 ] . E larning can be tested at two levels- instruction and preparation. Where instruction can be learned at both simple and higher degrees, in developing it is used by organisations for the preparation and knowledge up step of their staff and employees. E-learning provides the cognition and information to scholars at a turning gait and unfastened new scenario of cognition transportation. But the acceptance of e-learning in all areas-schools, universities, concern etc-is soon low. Apart from the instructions and grades given by assorted celebrated universities and establishments, several efforts has been made to do e-learning successful in field of instruction and to gain public trust in online grades in India. Since most of the extremely skilled professionals are based in bigger metropoliss and avoid educating the population in rural countries, it would be much faster and easier to educate rural people by utilizing E-learning engineerings. E-learning has solved this job by linking the rural population to knowledge through ICT like cyberspace. Since the available universities in India are non capable plenty to suit complete larning population due to its monolithic size, distance instruction has come in being and E-learning has a large function to play in this way.
METHODS OF E-LEARNING
As the chief job with rural pupils is their geographic spread from schoolroom locations, e-learning is associated with assorted engineerings and methods for acquisition and instruction. Some of them are listed below:
Virtual schoolroom: Virtual schoolroom depicts the characteristics of an existent schoolroom online. This helps the participants to interact with teachers and remote schoolmates online through confab, sound and picture conferencing, instant messaging, etc.
Embedded acquisition: Embedded acquisition is the ego accessible technique for deriving the information. It can be delivered to the topographic point of work every bit good as to nomadic scholars. The advantage of embedded acquisition is that information is available to the scholars 24*7.
Discussion groups: A treatment group is a assemblage and sharing of thoughts and conversations happening over clip through message boards, bulletin and treatment forums. A big group of participants receive adept replies to different questions through these methods.
E-tutorials: E-tutoring is defined as instruction, larning and pull offing online survey programmes for the pupils. The survey stuffs are provided to the instructors and pupils in MS-Word and PDF paperss. The advantage of these e-books is that they are available to the users anytime and anyplace as they can be downloaded easy through cyberspace. Therefore, e-tutorials have played important function in distant larning techniques.
ADVANTAGES OF E-LEARNING [ 1 ]
There are a figure of advantages of e-learning. As compared to traditional acquisition techniques, e-learning ensures high quality acquisition.
It provides the necessary information and conceptual aid in topics in cost effectual ways. This helps in effectual decision-making.
E-Learning ensures the handiness of quality information on fingertips and supports seasonably advice.
Cultures can be shared through e-learning. Peoples of different parts can portion their cognition easy.
Disabilities of the pupils can be accommodated, with or without the cognition of other participants.
E-learning can assist make out to the multitudes of distant countries.
The biggest advantage of e-learning is its ability to cover distances. In instance of multiple locations, traditional preparation is an obstruction. All trainees need to come to a schoolroom to acquire trained.
Another major advantage is the regularity that e-learning provides. The content can be repeated until it is understood by the trainee.
2.2 DISADVANTAGES OF E-
LEARNING [ 1 ]
Merely as every action has a reaction excessively. Therefore, there are besides disadvantages to e-learning. Some scholars may be technologically challenged and are shy to take part in full.
On-line treatments may keep category members, or they may promote jeer.
Since assorted survey stuffs are provided in different mentalities, rural pupils may happen it hard to entree them ab initio.
One of the common disadvantages is that pupils normally from rural backgrounds are non comfy with English linguistic communication and have trouble in communicating and being understood.
Students may happen this new engineering fuzzy as they are used to traditional learning methods like chalkboard and schoolrooms and therefore, their involvement may cut down.
PROBLEMS OF RURAL EDUCATION IN INDIA [ 3 ]
Even after assorted declarations, bundles and authoritiess AIDSs, instruction status in rural India is still non good. Both Central and State Governments and NGOs are apportioning immense sum for the development of ICTs and rural instruction, but the degree of handiness of ICTs in rural countries is non as per the outlooks. Some of the grounds for this slow advancement are as follows:
Low wage to instructors in rural schools.
Most of the schools do non hold even proper basic substructure. In such status, on-line instruction constitution is a tough undertaking to make.
Due to miss of proper transit, pupils avoid to go stat mis for instruction.
Unwillingness of skilled staff to travel to rural countries for instruction.
Non-compatibility of rural and urban instruction techniques.
Lack of household counsel and support due to illiterate and less instruction background.
Lack of ICTs consciousness in rural and distant countries.
One of the serious causes for non-development of rural instruction is that today, instruction is non a “ cause of physical and mental enlighten ” but has turned into an industry to bring forth hard currency.
E-LEARNING CONTENT CREATION AND PRESENTATION TOOLS
The policing, planning and monitoring of instruction system is extremely complex in Indian provinces due to their big and complex constructions. To better the quality and effectual ICT instruction in-time planning and direction is needed, but, due to the big fluctuation in school constructions, and deficient handiness of learning learning resources, the affair go more complicated.
The reaching of e-learning has tried to screen this issue of flexibleness in larning. Online classs have non merely allowed the module to multitaskaˆ•being in two topographic points at one clip but the pupils may besides take categories at the same time at establishments anyplace in the universe. These on-line survey stuffs may be accessed 24 *7 from anywhere anytime. Several ICTs, such as teleconferencing engineerings, enable the direction to be received at the same time by multiple scholars at geographical distances. This installation of distant acquisition helps instructors and pupils to no longer rely on printed stuffs for instruction. With World Wide Web and cyberspace, stuffs on any topics and in assortment of media can be accessed anytime, anyplace by limitless figure of people.
Technology enabled larning includes a combination of hardware, package and communicating systems including networking [ 4 ] [ 5 ] . Desktop, electronic chalkboard, laptop or notepad, palmtop, control stick, electronic authorship tablets, mouse, trackball, light pens touch screen, saloon codification reader, digitising tablet, OMR/OCR, duplicators and facsimiles, address or voice input device, pressmans, scanners are some of the hardware devices. Whereas, package ‘s includes information direction plans, manus composing acknowledgment, voice acknowledgment, larning bundles in removable discs, digital books, educative games, informations base direction and information processing package ‘s, information Bankss ( lexicons, encyclopaedias, farmer’s calendar, mentions ) . Communication engineerings used are electronic mail, web logs, wikis, treatment boards, an online confab session or a practical schoolroom or meeting. Data bringing systems [ 1 ] include audio and video conferencing devices like web cameras, talker phones, modem and waiter, LCD and/or Projectors. Some communicating services include, telegraph, telephone, picture telephone, videotext, ocular surveillance, Electronic Meeting Systems ( audio, picture, groupware, teleconferencing. ) , satellite communicating utilizing dishes and aerials, Messaging ( voice mail, video mail, electronic mail ) , etc.
KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT SUPPORTS E-LEARNING
One of the chief jobs with any published informations on the World Wide Web is that it is really difficult to automatize anything on the Web. It is besides about impossible to pull off the informations manually in a proper manner due to its immense size. Therefore, it is mandatory to form the survey stuff such that it should be easy available and accessible to the pupils. The undermentioned figure depicts the association of cognition based construction with e-learning services:
FIGURE 2: KNOWLEDGE-BASED STRUCTURE OF THE E-LEARNING SERVICES [ 6 ]
The system resources consist of databases, meta-knowledge, abstract system, content cognition, glossary, and scholars ‘ cognition. The scholars ‘ ontology provides the tactic for mandate, information retrieval and content direction. An Ontology Service provides the entree to informations available on cyberspace and answers the questions of the scholars.
Knowledge base of the system have metadata as the complete summing up of information about the object at any degree of collection, presuming that information object can be called and manipulated a human or a system.
Using the cognition database, the system gives the installations like valuable class stuff presentation, pattern documents and questions/answers, certifications, etc. through on-line programmes. The system besides combines cognition direction, semantic searching, measuring, and account of informations with well-designed user interface.
To fulfill the scholar ‘s motivation of utilizing the system, system should ‘know ‘ its users. Therefore, the mark scholar ‘s ontologies are besides stored in a cognition base. Similarly, cognition about the sphere is every bit required.
Teachers may utilize the electronic media to exhibit class subjects in schoolrooms, to do their instruction more effectual. The system has assorted installations as notice board, chat and mail through internet connexion.
Through these system installations, our skilled modules are able to learn the distant scholars without their mobility from urban countries. The resources and communicating installations can back up distance acquisition and learning manner and therefore, can take part significantly in attempts of distributing quality instruction through engineering in distant Indian countries.
We can non disregard the current status of Indian economic system and hence, we can anticipate dawdling in rural instruction development ; particularly when the construction is so big. E-learning has the possible to distribute instruction beyond the regional bounds. Many countries ( particularly rural and distant ) without university instruction can utilize universities classs of other provinces via the Web. This can be a cheaper solution than constructing university substructure. E-learning can raise the degree of instruction, literacy and economic development in many underdevelopment states. Particularly where proficient instruction is expensive, chances are limited, and economic lacks exist. E-learning has provided a opportunity to rural pupils to larn at place without the demand of traveling stat mis to any edifice apparatus. This will enable them to interact with the instructors and research the contents of other writers at the same time with disbursement much from their pocket. With coming of ICTs, pupils from different geographical parts can achieve, explore, survey and collect and portion information through web. Even though e-learning in India lacks sufficient survey stuffs in all topics and pupils face problem with English-language content, but the present demand to develop such programmes for instruction up step of rural instruction system can non be ignored. The overall aim of this paper is to analyze the importance of electronic survey system in rural sectors where betterment in primary every bit good as higher instruction system is really much required.